The Canadian Women’s Heart Health Alliance ATLAS on the Epidemiology, Diagnosis, and Management of Cardiovascular Disease in Women

The Canadian Women’s Heart Health Alliance (CWHHA) ATLAS is a collection of chapters to be published in the Canadian Journal of Cardiology Open, accompanied by detailed infographics, that report on the current state of cardiovascular disease in women. The goal of the ATLAS is to help clinicians recognize the unique aspects of women’s heart health care and provide policy-makers with the information they need to ensure equitable care for women with cardiovascular disease. 

The ATLAS uses an expansive and ongoing collection of research articles assembled for the scientific statement published by the Journal of the American Heart Association (JAHA),  State of the Science in Women's Cardiovascular Disease: A Canadian Perspective on the Influence of Sex and Gender, authored by members of the Canadian Women’s Heart Health Alliance. 

Find out more about the ATLAS


Chapter 1: Introduction to the ATLAS

This chapter aims to provide a critical appraisal of the currently inadequate evidence base to support female-specific clinical guidelines and recommendations for CVD in Canada. 

Download Chapter 1 Infographic

View Chapter 1 on CJC Open >>

Chapter 2: Scope of the Problem

This chapter aims to summarize the epidemiology of cardiovascular disease in women in Canada; discuss sex- and gender disparities; and, examine the intersectionality between sex and other disparities that play a prominent role in CVD outcomes in women, including Indigenous identity, ethnic variations, disability, and socioeconomic status.  

Download Chapter 2 Infographic

View Chapter 2 on CJC Open

Listen to Webinar


Dr. Shahin JafferShahin Jaffer, MD, MHSc, FRCPC 
Clinical Professor of Medicine
University of British Columbia
Division of Community General Internal Medicine
Internal Medicine Consultant, Fraser Health Authority
Vancouver, BC

Dr. Heather Foulds

Heather J A Foulds, PhD
Heart and Stroke/CIHR Early Career Indigenous Women’s Heart and Brain Health Chair
Assistant Professor
University of Saskatchewan
Saskatoon, SK


Chapter 3: Patient Perspectives

This chapter aims to provide a review of existing knowledge and to identify gaps regarding experiencing and living with CVD from the perspective of women with lived experience. 

Download Chapter 3 Infographic

View Chapter 3 on CJC Open >>

Chapter 4: Sex- and Gender-Unique Disparities: CVD Across the Lifespan

This chapter aims to review disparities in CVD risk through the lens of sex and gender, and in the context of reducing knowledge gaps and developing optimal strategies for awareness and treatment.

Download Chapter 4 Infographic - coming soon

View Chapter 4 on CJC Open - coming soon

Chapter 5: Sex- and Gender-Unique Manifestations of CVD 

Coming soon


Chapter 6: Sex- and Gender-Specific Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Treatment

Coming soon


 Chapter 7: Sex, Gender, and the Social Determinants of Health

Coming soon


Chapter 8: Knowledge Gaps and Status of Existing Research Programs in Canada 

Coming soon


Chapter 9: Next Steps/Recommendations, Challenges and Opportunities and Conclusions

Coming soon



For more information, please contact us.